Rules of conduct and action in the event of a flood
FLOOD is a natural disaster in which a land area or territory with a huge amount of water is temporarily flooded, due to the
rising level of water basins and riverbeds. The reasons for the rise in the level of these water basins can be different -
heavy rainfall or snowmelt, rupture of a dam, destruction of dikes, high waves or human activity.
Floods can cause significant damage to settlements, buildings, cars, bridges, roads and transport infrastructure.
Floods can endanger your life or your property.
In case of danger of flood you will be notified, through the established systems for early warning and notification, other certain signals for
the settlement or the mass media.
Follow the messages on the radio, television, local radio stations and follow the specific instructions according to the created situation.
Follow the instructions and the order established by the executive and local authorities and the rescue teams.
WHAT WE NEED TO KNOW IN ADVANCE
Be aware of the risk of flooding for the settlement in which you live or work. Seek information from the municipality or town hall about the areas that may be flooded. Find out the nearest safe place, the shortest and safest route to evacuate.
If your home, farm building or other property is in close proximity to a river and falls within its floodplain, monitor the
weather or level forecast, especially during periods of heavy rainfall or heavy snowmelt.
Plan your family's actions in case of a flood in advance. Specify a meeting place for your family members, relatives or
friends outside the flood area and specify how to communicate with each other.
Play the evacuation with your family from home and with colleagues from your workplace. Participate in organized trainings in the village or at work.
Always keep your mobile phone charged.
Prepare in advance and maintain a "disaster backpack" with the most important materials and tools for survival, placed in a convenient place familiar to the family.
HOW TO ACT IN A REAL FLOOD DANGER
In the event of a danger of / or flooding, immediately call 112. Please provide: your name; state clearly and clearly what the problem is (flood, flooded areas, etc.), whether there are injured or endangered people. Enter the address (city, town, district, street, №, nearby direct) and do not hang up before the operator.
If you do not have a telephone, warn the municipality or the mayor's office of the nearest settlement and of people nearby.
Inform your relatives, neighbours and colleagues about the danger.
WHEN YOU ARE IN YOUR HOME
Turn off the gas and electricity.
Place all valuables, belongings, herbicides and chemicals in the highest possible place.
Take the "Survival Bag", you
must take your personal documents, valuables, money (credit, debit cards), notaries, insurance policies
and other property documents;
Leave home as soon as possible.
If it is impossible to leave the building, move to the top floors or roof. Report your situation on 112 or inform your relatives about your location. Keep in touch with the rescue teams.
If it is impossible to evacuate the animals, open the doors of the rooms where they are closed.
WHEN YOU ARE OUT
If you are near a riverbed or a ravine, move away immediately and move to the nearest hill.
Do not stand under / over bridges, underpasses, overpasses and other objects from which high water can carry you away.
Do not attempt to cross fast-flowing and flooded areas unless you are sure that the water is at your knees. Cross only
in calm water.
Do not cross fast-flowing and flooded areas without being secured with an auxiliary crossing rope and a body safety rope.
Do not drink water from flooded water sources.
WHEN YOU ARE IN A CAR
When traveling by car, it is advisable to stop at the highest possible and safest place and wait for the water level to drop.
Do not stop on / under bridges and overpasses, underpasses and other potentially dangerous from flooding objects and facilities.
Do not go through fast-flowing and flooded areas unless you are sure that the water is lower than the axles of your car.
TO LIMIT THE RISK OF FLOOD
Do not build residential and agricultural buildings and other structures in the unprotected flood zones of rivers.
Do not dispose of construction and household waste in riverbeds, this reduces the conductivity of the riverbed.
water force during floods.
Do not destroy / puncture river dikes for water abstraction or other activities.
If you live near a river and notice that the riverbed and the areas under the bridges are not cleaned of waste, building materials, trees, etc., if there are buildings in the floodplains, report to the municipality, town hall or district administration.